In our last guide we looked at adding InspectorControls to our custom blocks to enable us to use controls in the block sidebar. In this guide we are going to build on that, and add a toggle control to the block sidebar of all of our blocks, including any core and third party blocks that we are using.

In this guide we are going to create the ‘draft block’ functionality that featured in my Wholesome Publishing plugin.

Draft Blocks Everywhere.png
Draft Blocks Everywhere.png

1.
Prerequisites

2.
Getting Ready for this Guide

If you have followed the Add a Sidebar guide, great. But I’m now going to have to ask you to undo the changes you made in step 4 of that guide (the Draft Block Toggle), because we are going to extrapolate that functionality and apply it to all of our blocks.

If you haven’t followed that guide, please ensure you follow it up to step 4 first, as this guide follows on directly from that one.

2.
Create Higher Order Components

Higher Order Components (HoC) are used in React to wrap around an existing component and either pass functionality or props to that component. They are called HoCs because they are inserted into the DOM before the existing component, or you could say in a ‘Higher Order’.

We are going to create two new HoCs, so create a new folder in your plugin called components and create the following two files:

  • /components/withInspectorControls.js
  • /components/withIsBlockDraft.js

withInspectorControls

Open up /components/withInspectorControls.js and add the following code:

import { InspectorControls } from '@wordpress/block-editor';
import { PanelBody, ToggleControl } from '@wordpress/components';
import { createHigherOrderComponent } from '@wordpress/compose';
import { Fragment }	from '@wordpress/element';
import { __ } from '@wordpress/i18n';

export default createHigherOrderComponent( ( BlockEdit ) => {
     return ( props ) => {
        const {
            attributes: {
                isBlockDraft,
            },
            setAttributes,
        } = props;

        return (
            <Fragment>
                <BlockEdit { ...props } />
                <InspectorControls>
                    <PanelBody
                        title={ __( 'Block Display Settings', 'wholesome-plugin' ) }
                        icon="visibility"
                        initialOpen={ false }
                    >
                        <ToggleControl
                            label={ __( 'Set Block as Draft', 'wholesome-plugin' ) }
                            checked={ isBlockDraft }
                            onChange={ ( isBlockDraft ) => setAttributes( { isBlockDraft } ) }
                            help={ __( 'If the block is set to draft it will not show on the front end.',
                                'wholesome-plugin' ) }
                        />
                    </PanelBody>
                </InspectorControls>
            </Fragment>
        );
    };
 }, 'withInspectorControls' );

You may recognise this code from step 4 of the Sidebar Guide. It is pretty much the same code, apart from we have wrapped it in createHigherOrderComponent.

The createHigherOrderComponent allows us to access BlockEdit this is the original edit function of the block that this component will wrap. We will discover how this is passed in when we create the filters shortly.

withIsBlockDraft

Open up /components/withIsBlockDraft.js and paste in the following code:

import { createHigherOrderComponent } from '@wordpress/compose';

export default createHigherOrderComponent( ( BlockListBlock ) => {
     return ( props ) => {
         const { attributes } = props;
         const { isBlockDraft } = attributes;

         return <BlockListBlock { ...props } className={ isBlockDraft ? 'draft-block' : '' } />;
     };
 }, 'withIsBlockDraft' );

This createHigherOrderComponent allows us to access BlockListBlock which lets us pass attributes into the editor block wrapper. We are using it here to set a ‘draft-block’ class to the wrapper if the Draft Block toggle has been set. This recreates what we had previously added to the edit method in step 4 of the Sidebar Guide.

Again we need to setup a filter for the to be BlockListBlock to be passed into this control.

3.
Setup the Filters

At the top of the /src/index.js file add the following:

import { addFilter } from '@wordpress/hooks';

import withIsBlockDraft from './containers/withIsBlockDraft';
import withInspectorControls from './containers/withInspectorControls';

We really should think about altering the structure of our plugin so that the code that registers the block is imported from another file, but for simplicity we will use the same file.

Filter the Attributes

In the same file add the following code:

addFilter(
	'blocks.registerBlockType',
	'wholesome-plugin/block-draft-attributes',
	( settings ) => {
		const { attributes } = settings;
		return {
			...settings,
			attributes: {
				...attributes,
				isBlockDraft: {
					default: false,
					type: 'boolean',
				},
			},
		};
	}
);

This filter adds additional attributes to all of the blocks in the build. In theory we could filter this to only be for certain blocks, but we are not going to for our example.

If we did want to limit this filter to certain blocks, we could do that like so:

const { attributes, name } = settings;
if ( 'core/paragraph' !== name ) {
  return;
}

Filter the InspectorControls

Add the following code to the /src/index.js file:

addFilter(
	'editor.BlockEdit',
	'wholesome-plugin/block-draft-inspector',
	withInspectorControls,
);

Here we filter BlockEdit so that it passes this through to our HoC that we created earlier.

If we wanted to limit this filter to certain blocks we would do the following within the HoC:

if ( 'core/paragraph' === props.name ) {
  return <BlockEdit { ...props } />
}

Filter the BlockListBlock

Finally let’s add the filter for our BlockListBlock:

addFilter(
	'editor.BlockListBlock',
	'wholesome-plugin/block-draft-class',
	withIsBlockDraft
);

Again, if you want to restrict this block you can do this inside the HoC.

4.
Add the PHP and SCSS

Add the following to /editor.scss to make our Draft banner look pretty (this can be done much better, but this is just an example).

.editor-styles-wrapper {
	.draft-block {

		border-bottom: 1px dotted #cfcfcf;
		border-left: 1px solid #cfcfcf;
		border-right: 1px solid #cfcfcf;
		margin-top: 3em;

		&::before {
			background: #cfcfcf;
			background-image: linear-gradient(45deg, #efefef 8.33%, #cfcfcf 8.33%, #cfcfcf 50%, #efefef 50%, #efefef 58.33%, #cfcfcf 58.33%, #cfcfcf 100%);
			background-size: 8.49px 8.49px;
			border-left: 1px solid #cfcfcf;
			border-right: 1px solid #cfcfcf;
			border-top: 1px solid #cfcfcf;
			color: black;
			content: 'Draft Block';
			display: block;
			font-family: monospace;
			font-size: 1rem;
			left: 0;
			padding-left: 5px;
			position: absolute;
			top: -27px;
			width: 100%;
		}

		opacity: .4;

		&.is-selected {
			opacity: .8;
		}
	}
}

Add the following to the root file of the plugin (in our case wholesome-plugin.php).

function wholesomecode_wholesome_plugin_remove_blocks_in_draft( $pre_render, $block ) {

	// If we are in the admin interface, bail.
	if ( is_admin() ) {
		return $pre_render;
	}

	// If the block is draft, do not render.
	if (
		isset( $block['attrs'] ) &&
		isset( $block['attrs']['isBlockDraft'] ) &&
		$block['attrs']['isBlockDraft']
	) {
		return false;
	}

	// Otherwise, render the block.
	return $pre_render;
}
add_filter( 'pre_render_block', 'wholesomecode_wholesome_plugin_remove_blocks_in_draft', 0, 2 );

This will stop the draft blocks outputting on the frontend.

5.
Seeing it in Action

Remember to compile with npm start and we can now set any type of block to a draft block:

Setting and Unsetting Draft Blocks
Setting and Unsetting Draft Blocks

Extra.
Taking it Further

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